God’s love, compassion and purposes towards mankind are wrapped up in His Name. The forms of His Name reveal different facets and indicate His ways of working on our behalf. Knowing these names, will enrich both your private and corporate prayer life.
Elohistic Names of God – Covenant of Creation
The first Covenant involving man is the Edenic Covenant, the Covenant of Creation which revealed God’s purpose for mankind. This Covenant is brokered in the name of God, involving the persons of the Godhead, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Genesis 1 uses the title or name “God” about 32 times.
El in the singular means The Strong One, The Mighty One.
The Hebrew word Elohim is a uni-plural word denoting the unity in plurality of the three persons of the Godhead. God said in the Covenant of Creation, Let US make man in OUR image, after OUR likeness and God created man in HIS own image, in the image of God He made them.
It was Elohim speaking (Genesis 1:26-28). The Divine Covenanters, Father, Son and Holy Spirit all active in this Edenic Covenant, declaring the purpose for the Creation of Man.
Wherever the Elohistic name or title is used in Scripture it always speaks of God the Creator and pertains to the Covenant of Creation. The various Elohistic names are generally translated as God.
The word El - אֵל comes from a root word meaning might, strength and power. In Scripture, the primary meanings of this root word are god.1 So when El is used of the One True God, it’s always qualified by further words to define the meaning and therefore distinguish Him from false gods. El appears over 250 times in the Tanakh primarily to describe the Sovereign Creator God of Israel.
It’s used of the Godhead in the singular, showing that each person in the Godhead is God, co-equal in nature, power, attributes and glory.
El Ha Gadol
El Ha Kadosh
El Ha Shamayim
El Roi (Rah'ee)
El Ha Kavod
El De'ah (De'ot)
אֵל דֵּעָה - God of Knowledge - God is all knowing, the source of all knowledge. God is perfect knowledge, from beginning to end (omniscient, meaning all knowing). Whatever knowledge man has comes from Him. Isaiah prophesies, For the land will be filled with de'ah of God (Isaiah 11:9; 1 Samuel 2:3)
אֵל עוֹלָם - God of Eternity; God, the Everlasting God. Hebrew words used for space are also used for time. Olam - עוֹלָם literally means beyond the horizon, frequently it's translated as eternity meaning a continual span of time that never ends. Olam occurs more than 400 times in the Hebrew Scriptures (Tanakh) being translated as eternal, everlasting, forever or ancient. It refers to the fullness of the experience of time and space. However, the title El Olam only appears 4 times. A common phrase in the Hebrew is l'olam va'ed and is usually translated as forever and ever, but in the Hebrew it means to the distant horizon and again meaning a very distant time and even further! Therefore, God of The Universe; God, the Maker of time, eternity, and the universe, God who is without beginning and without end. Revealing His eternity of being. (Genesis 21:33; Psalm 90:2; 93:2; Isaiah 26:4)
אֵל שַׁדַּי - Almighty God is probably the best-known of all the El compound names, meaning — God, The All Sufficient, usually translated as Almighty God Genesis 17:1(HNV). Shaddaim is the word for breasts in Hebrew, perhaps indicating a nursing mother, God completely nourishes and satisfies His people and takes care of all their needs. The compound name El Shaddai first appears in (Genesis 17:1) When Avram (Abraham) was 99 years old ADONAI appeared to Avram and said to him, 'I am El Shaddai (God Almighty). Walk in my presence and be pure-hearted - (CJB). The One who mightily nourishes, satisfies, protects, and supplies. El Shaddai, our All-Sufficient Sustainer, who abundantly provides all manner of blessings.
The exact derivation of the word shaddai is not known.
The Hebrew word dai (meaning sheds forth, pours out, or to heap benefits) suggests provision, sustenance, and blessing. Thus, God is All-Sufficient, All-Bountiful. (Genesis 42:24-25)
The Hebrew word shad or shadayim meaning breast or breasts) occurs 24 times as Shaddai and signifies One who nourishes, supplies, and satisfies (Isaiah 60:16, 66:10-13).
Combined with El, it then becomes the One mighty to nourish, satisfy, and supply. The Hebrew root word shadad (meaning to overpower or to destroy) suggests absolute power. While Elohim is the God who creates, in the name Shaddai God reveals Himself as the God who compels nature to do what is contrary to itself. He is able to triumph over every obstacle and all opposition; He is able to subdue all things to Himself.
אֵל יְשֻׁרוּן - God of Yeshurun - Yeshurun - יְשֻׁרוּן literally means upright one. Yeshurun is used to mean ‘the righteous (yashar) people’, referring to Israel’s ideal character and her high calling. God is forever uniquely connected to Israel. He is righteous and will make Israel completely righteous. (Deuteronomy 33:26)
אֵל צַדִּיק - Righteous God - Tzadik - צַדִּיק means just and righteous. God does and says what is right. Even though there’s much unrighteousness in the world, He is completely fair and just in all His dealings. Eventually He will make everything right. (Isaiah 45:21)
El Gibor (Gibbor)
אֵל יְשׁוּעָה - God of our Salvation - From Yeshua, meaning salvation, deliverance and victory. God Himself is the source of salvation. He wants to save His creation. Each individual must personally know Him as the God Salvation. (Isaiah 12:2)
אֵל קַנָּא - Jealous God - God watches us lovingly and closely, like a faithful and passionate bridegroom watches over his betrothed. God is extremely protective towards His people and doesn't want to share our affections with other gods. His very name and character is Jealous. (Exodus 34:14; Deuteronomy 4:24; 5:9; 6:15; Joshua 24:19; 1 Kings 19:10; Ezekiel 39:25; Joel 2:18; Nahum 1:2; Zechariah 1:14; 8:2)